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Some Reasons Why Trees Need Pruning A good time to conduct tree pruning is during the dormant season when you can clearly see the structure of the trees, maximize closure of their wounds, reduce disease and eliminate the excessive flow of sap if any. Dormant pruning applies to different plants, such as the flowering shrubs that would require pruning on dormant season, and the trees and shrubs, dogwood and red-bud that blossom when spring comes that would need pruning right after they flower. There are flowering trees that are susceptible to fire blight and bacterial disease thus would need pruning during the dormant season, such as crab apple, pear, varieties of hawthorn, mountain ash, pyracantha and flowering quince. Pruning during dormant season is required also of those trees that flower during summer or fall. But note that dead branches can be removed of course any time of the day or season. Be informed that the shape or form of fruit trees will not be developed properly without training or pruning. Be also informed that there is a higher quality of fruit yield of properly pruned and trained fruit trees, plus their life span would be longer. Thus, the objective to prune and train trees is to give the trees strong framework so they can support a large crop of fruit. It is good to know that fruit trees that are not trained properly will have branches that are too upright and this could lead to breakage once they carry heavy crops. In this case, the productivity of your trees could reduce and the lives of the trees could also shorten.
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Diseases are eliminated, and broken or dead limbs are removed when you prune trees, and these are just the other benefits your trees will get if you prune them.
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A proper training of trees will open up the trees’ canopies and thus allow the light to penetrate fully. Penetration of light is very important since the development of buds will set the flavour and quality of the fruits. By training and pruning the tree, you are therefore correcting its growth and thus minimize its cutting. It is good information also to know that trees react differently to summer pruning and dormant pruning. It is said that the tree’s energy is not changed when you remove a large part of it during dormancy. On the other hand, if done in spring, some trees will react by producing many upright branches that can stop the good development of trees. Dormant tree pruning therefore is better done in the late season to avoid injury during winter. Make it a practice to prune late blooming trees ahead of the early blooming trees. When it comes to summer pruning, it is advisable to complete it before the end of July so as to avoid problems of winter injury, and take note that it is only for removing upright growth of branches.